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Composting is a free and simple process that you can do at home. Garden waste and your fruit and vegetable scraps can all be composted to improve the soil in your gardens and pots. There is a composting method to suit your lifestyle.
Watch the video: Easy Composting, Worm farming, Bokashi and Mulching
Watch the video: Living Greener
Rethink waste fact sheets:
Compost is the soil-like organic material that is created when plant and vegetable matter breaks down and is rich in microorganisms and nutrients. It can be used as a potting mix, soil conditioner, or simply as a natural fertiliser.
This table includes organic materials that can be composted, some of which are not good for worm farms. More information is available under Methods.
The first column list compost types. The second column lists each ingredient grouped by type.
Nitrogen products ('greens')
Tea bags (avoid the plastic mesh bags used for some specialty teas)
Fresh grass clippings (in smaller amounts)
Carbon products ('browns')
Dried grass clippings (preferable)
Mulch and straw
Newspaper (not the glossy pages)
Toothpicks and timber skewers
Twigs and sticks (thin and broken up only)
Vacuum cleaner bag contents
Do not add the following ingredients to compost:
There are a few different composting methods you can use. The best one for you depends on your lifestyle, the size of your property, the amount of kitchen/garden waste your household produces, and how much time and money you want to spend looking after a compost system.
The first column identifies different compost methods, with images to clarify. The second column details the different ingredients usable within each compost methods. The third column includes general notes relating to each method of compost.
Works well for people with a backyard.
Compost barrel or tumbler
Chop or cut food and garden material into much smaller pieces - to break down quicker.
Requires regular rotation.
Do not fill the tumbler as they are heavy to tumble, and parts may break.
Suitable for small spaces e.g. balcony or garage
No pet faeces, especially if recently wormed
No acidic foods e.g. onions, chilli, citrus
The first column includes a range of possible issues that could occur when attempting to compost. The second column identifies possible causes for each of the problems. The third column contains possible solutions to each problem and cause.
Add more carbon material (browns) to dry the compost material.
Mix in lime or dolomite to bring the acid mixture back to a neutral pH level.
Turn the pile more regularly to improve drainage and aeration.
Add coarse material (e.g. twigs) to create air pockets.
Stand a pipe with air holes or slits in the centre of the compost bin to increase the air flow through the centre of the material.
Broccoli or corn stalks, apple cores, citrus skins, egg shells, twigs and prunings can take longer to compost. Use an old blender or food processor to reduce food particles.
Avoid adding meats or fats to bin.
Cover maggots with garden lime.
Cover each layer of food waste with carbon materials.
Turn more regularly to mix fresh scraps with already composted material.
Turn heap more regularly to ‘disturb’ their environment.
Put fine wire mesh under the bin/heap.
Add more water until heap is damp all the way through.
Leave the lid open during a rain shower.