Flying foxes

Different species

Flying foxes are mammals and belong to the Order Chiroptera (meaning 'hand-winged').

They play an important role in dispersing the pollen and fruit of many native trees, such as figs, palms, lilly-pillies and quandongs. 

There are three species of flying fox that occur in South-East Queensland, all belonging to the genus Pteropus:  

  • Black Flying Fox (Pteropus alecto)
  • Grey-headed Flying Fox (Pteropus poliocephalus)
  • Little Red Flying Fox (Pteropus scapulatus)

All three species are protected under the State Government Nature Conservation Act 1992, and Grey-headed Flying Foxes are also listed as a vulnerable species nationally under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1992.

View map and monitoring results for flying fox colonies in the Region.

Flying foxes and human disease

Australian Bat Lyssavirus (ABL) is closely related to the rabies virus. The best protection against being exposed to the virus is to avoid handling flying foxes.

A bat bite, scratch or mucous membrane exposure to bat saliva is necessary to transmit the virus. There is no risk of catching ABL from bats flying overhead, contact with bat urine or faeces or from fruit they may have eaten.

For more information see Queensland Health.

Hendra virus can cause disease in horses but only rarely in humans. It can be transmitted from flying fox to horse, horse to horse, and horse to human. Flying foxes are a natural reservoir for Hendra virus. Flying foxes do not show any signs of illness when infected with Hendra virus. Although Hendra virus infection is periodically present in flying fox populations across Australia, the likelihood of horses becoming infected is considered very low.

For more information see BioSecurity Queensland  

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