The recent history of the district is recorded in the Council publication 'Tracks and Times' (available from our libraries).
Following European settlement, the district developed as a series of small townships and service centres. The need for a Town Plan became evident when urban development began to spill over from Brisbane City into the Shire in the late 1960's.
Post World War 11 settlement led to increased interest in the townships, some of which had benefited economically from military training camps established in the area during the War years of the early 1940's.
The planning and construction of a paper mill at Petrie (opened December 1957) saw the development of pine tree plantations, a permanent water supply, and local trades services to support the mill, all causing a growth in local employment.
A significant water storage (Lake Kurwongbah) was planned and constructed in the 1956-58 period, and a water treatment plant providing quality potable water was opened at Petrie on 22 April 1961.
With the increased interest in development in the post war period, an 'interim development by-law' for the Shire was approved by Government Gazette on the 28th January 1961.
This document was premised on the fact that the Council was commencing the preparation of its first town plan. It gave to Council on an interim basis the power to require a permit for most forms of development, which could be approved subject to conditions.
The by-law contained twenty clauses, including definitions, control of development provisions, development application requirements, sub-division, parking requirements and permit register requirements.
First town planning scheme
The first Town Planning Scheme for the Shire of Pine Rivers was gazetted on the 8th May 1965. It was several years in the making, and probably relied on drafting undertaken in other local government areas in the State, and the Brisbane Town Plan of the time.
Technically, for its time, the written provisions of the 1965 Scheme were quite competent. The scheme's zoning plans introduced a series of fourteen zones covering all land within the Shire.
To some extent, the zonings tended to reflect the land use status quo, the Council was probably still uncertain about the durability of the post war growth spike evident in the Brisbane metropolitan area at the time. However, the 1966 Census data released in 1967 showed the population of the Shire had rapidly increased to 12,216 people (a 61% percent increase on the 1961 population).
Second town planning scheme
The 1971 Plan was based on quite a visionary but informal background document prepared by John Wilson and Partners titled "Pine Rivers Shire Town Planning Scheme Town Plan Review 1969". It was accompanied by a set of plans, quite detailed in some aspects, known as "The Development Plan".
At the time, there was no provision under the relevant legislation to incorporate a broad planning report and indicative/diagrammatic mapping into the formal town plan.
Development control plans
The 1971 scheme was to remain in force and effect until 1988, with substantial amendments during this intervening period to keep it current for a rapidly urbanising community. It was augmented by five Development Control Plans during the period 1977 to 1981. The five Development Control Plans were the Arana Hills District (1977), Albany Creek (1978), Kallangur Commercial (1980), Whiteside (1981), and Pine Rivers West (1980).
The most significant planning decision in this period was the decision not to urbanise the Samford Valley, which was confirmed in the Pine Rivers West Development Plan.
Third town planning scheme
The third Town Planning Scheme for the Shire of Pine Rivers was approved on the 14th May 1988. The estimated population in Pine Rivers Shire in 1986, at the time of preparation of the 1988 plan, was 76,800 persons, almost three times the 1971 population.
The 1988 Town Planning Scheme included the first Strategic Plan for the Shire. It utilised many of the strategic principles underpinning the 1971 Scheme, but had the benefit of more advanced modelling processes for traffic, water and sewerage, and data from the State's 1976 Moreton Regional Strategy.
The 1988 Scheme also contained guidelines for development for a number of areas within the Shire (these areas had previously been the subject of development control plans adopted by Council as part of the 1971 scheme), and six new Development Control Plans.
The guidelines for development were for the areas of the Hills District (superseded by the Hills District DCP), Albany Creek, Pine Rivers West and Ocean View. The Development Control Plans were for the areas of Whiteside, Lake Samsonvale, Kallangur Commercial, Strathpine / Lawnton (now called the Central Pine DCP), Kallangur Waterways, and Dayboro.
After gazettal of the 1988 Planning Scheme, Council prepared Development Control Plans for Petrie Town Centre, Lake Kurwongbah Catchment, Mango Hill Infrastructure, and Hills District. Council also undertook substantial work on a Draft North Pine DCP. Although this DCP was not finalised, many of its proposals were incorporated into the Northern Growth Corridor Structure Plans prepared in 2005/06.
Mango Hill infrastructure
A substantial and significant achievement in the 1988-98 period was the preparation of detailed plans for the development of the area east of the Bruce highway, generally known as Mango Hill. The conclusion of the exotic pine forest industry in the late 1980's saw a number of large parcels of land become available to meet the urban expansion needs of the region.
The Mango Hill Infrastructure Development Control Plan 1998 was prepared by Council over several years in consultation with key stakeholders. It provided the basis for the North Lakes development which commenced one year later. Building on previous work, in the 2005/06 period Council produced three detailed Structure Plans for the development of the balance of Mango Hill, and the nearby growth corridor areas of Griffin and Dakabin.
The Integrated Planning Act 1997 required Council to prepare a new Planning Scheme called PineRiversPlan, it took five years to produce and commenced operation on 15 December 2006. Unfortunately, the State would not agree to Council retaining the Strategic Plan and the more detailed local plans from the 1988 Scheme.
Regular updates of the new 2006 planning scheme can be expected as Council gains experience with the operation of the scheme, and legislation continues to change. The first update to the PineRiversPlan was a minor amendment involving a zone map change, which took effect on 21 December 2007. The second of these amendments, Amendment 1 of 2007, has been prepared by Council and took effect on 15 December 2008.
Allied with the preparation of PineRiversPlan has been the consolidation, integration and updating of Council's infrastructure planning processes. A major body of work known as the Priority Infrastructure Plan (PIP) has been steadily drawing to a conclusion, expected in June 2008. Data from the PIP process has been used to inform all current Council development decisions and the Capital Works Program. At the end of 2007, the Council's draft PIP was with the State Government for its first State Interests review.
During the latter part of the 20th century, moves to plan the State on a regional basis gathered momentum, fuelled by concerns that planning should be undertaken to prevent or mitigate the consequences of urban sprawl seen elsewhere in Australia and particularly overseas in comparable communities such as the American west coast.
In 2004, the State changed its policy, setting up a legislative base for regional planning and launching a comprehensive regional planning study for the South East Queensland area. This planning process was supported by the South East Queensland Regional Organisation of Councils (SEQROC) and resulted in a draft Regional Plan in October 2004 and a final Regional Plan in June 2005. The SEQ Regional Plan is under review and is currently available for public consultation until April 2009. Read more about the SEQ Regional Plan.
This plan has the force of law, and required all SEQ Councils to undertake a number of planning processes to support and align with the new regional plan. The Regional Plan is supported by an Infrastructure Plan, and both are updated regularly.
The first significant work for Pine Rivers under the regional plan was the preparation of a Local Growth Management Study (LGMS). Council prepared a draft LGMS and in July 2007 submitted it to the State Government's Office of Urban Management for review, prior to final adoption. The draft LGMS is published on Council's web site for public information.
In the period April to August 2007, the State undertook significant reformation of local government in Queensland. A new local government, the Moreton Bay Regional Council, was formed, amalgamating Caboolture Shire, Pine Rivers Shire and Redcliffe City.
Significant amendments to local government planning and administrative law are planned to accompany this review.